NEW! HIV Prevention - Rapid access guide

Guidance and tools


Organisational Base

Brief purpose

Intended readership

HIV Prevention Toolkit, 2008


The purpose of the toolkit is to:

- provide programming
essentials link to practical
tools to assist
- validate HIV prevention
programming, decision-
making process prioritise
HIV prevention measures
for different HIV epidemic
- access lessons learned
and other resources
providing the latest HIV
news, data and info and
useful sites

Managers at the national and sub-national levels who are managing or implementing HIV prevention programmes and/or projects and are in the process of intensifying their HIV prevention efforts.

UNAIDS Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work, 2009

UNAIDS - Contributions from UNAIDS Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights and the Global Working Group on HIV and Sex

This Guidance Note has been developed to provide the UNAIDS Cosponsors and Secretariat with a coordinated human-rights-based approach to promoting universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in the context of adult sex work

UNAIDS Cosponsors and Secretariat

Male Circumcision Decision-makers' Programme Planning Tool, 2009

Futures Institute in collaboration with UNAIDS and WHO.

This tool calculates the cost of male circumcision; it estimates the impact of the epidemic; incorporates sensitivity analysis for key inputs, including the impact of male circumcision on women. The tool estimates HIV incidence, HIV prevalence, AIDS deaths, overall costs, and net cost per HIV infection averted as a function of the number of male circumcisions performed for each service delivery and coverage timeframe option

Male circumcision decision-makers and programme planners

Male Circumcision Situation Analysis Toolkit, 2009

WHO with Male Circumcision Working Group

This toolkit provides a framework and tools that can be used to carry out a situation analysis, prior to making decisions on how to plan and implement efforts to increase rates of safe male circumcision

The male circumcision decision-makers and programme planners

Operational Guidance for Scaling up Male Circumcision Services for HIV Prevention, 2008


This document provides practical guidance to help operationalise the scale-up of male circumcision services efficiently and effectively. The guide outlines and explains the key elements required for programme set-up: leadership and partnership, situation analysis, advocacy, enabling the policy and regulatory environment, strategic and operational planning, quality assurance, human resource development, service delivery approaches, communication, monitoring, evaluation and operations research. The guide is relevant to the scaling up of programmes in both the public and private sectors

The male circumcision decision-makers and programme planners

Safe, Voluntary, Informed Male Circumcision and Comprehensive HIV prevention Programming: Guidance for Decision-makers on Human Rights, Ethical and Legal Considerations, 2008

UNAIDS, AIDS Law Project, South Africa

This document provides guidance on the human rights, legal and ethical issues that decision makers may need to consider when they are deciding whether or not to initiate or expand male circumcision services in the context of comprehensive HIV programming

Decision makers on Human Rights, Ethical and Legal considerations

UNAIDS Legal and Regulatory Self-Assessment Tool for Male Circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2008


This self-assessment tool provides practical guidance on legal, regulatory, and policy considerations associated with implementation and scale-up of male circumcision services for HIV transmission prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. The results of the assessment process will be useful for health programme planners and others who are considering the introduction or expansion of male circumcision services in the context of comprehensive HIV prevention programmes

Health programme planners

Strategic Considerations for Communications on Multiple and Concurrent Partnerships within broader HIV Prevention in Southern Africa, 2009


This guidance document results from interactions with civil society in the region and collaboration between UNAIDS, the Harvard AIDS Prevention Research Project and the World Bank, including an expert meeting on MCP held on 28-29 January 2009 in Gabarone, Botswana. It arose from recognition of the need for regional guidance on the principles and good practice for MCP campaigning to assist national programmes, in particular, to strengthen HIV prevention efforts for MCP reduction

National programmers on MCP

Understanding HIV-1 Incidence in Eastern and Southern Africa, 2009


This guidance note aims to help understand what is known about HIV incidence, how to best interpret and use HIV incidence data and make decisions to promote the appropriate use of HIV incidence data in the improvement of HIV prevention responses.

Policy-makers, HIV programmers, researchers and M&E practitioners

M&E for MCP Programmes

UNAIDS and The World Bank Global HIV/AIDS Program (GHAP)

Guidance for National AIDS Commissions, HIV monitoring and evaluation officials, and HIV implementing organisations on the monitoring and evaluation of programmes addressing multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships (MCP) in Eastern and Southern Africa

National AIDS Commissions, HIV monitoring and evaluation officials, and HIV implementing organisations

Template for HIV Prevention Evaluation Terms of Reference: Quick Reference Guide, 2009

International HIV/AIDS Alliance and World Bank Group

This template is a guide to help HIV prevention evaluation, decision makers to develop terms of reference (ToR) that clearly define all aspects of the evaluation. This user-friendly guide helps staff of civil society organizations (CSOs) to develop good prevention evaluation ToRs. The guide does not focus on impact evaluations, since they are not usually commissioned by CSOs, but rather by national authorities. Users are not necessarily evaluation specialists, but managers of evaluations

CSOs, National AIDS Commissions, HIV monitoring and evaluation managers, and HIV implementing organisation

Inter-Agency Task Team on HIV and Young People, GLOBAL GUIDANCE BRIEFS, 2008

UNFPA with the Inter-Agency Task Team on HIV and Young People. (ILO, UNAIDS Secretariat, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNODC, the World Bank, WFP, and WHO)

A series of seven briefs providing guidance on the specific actions that needs to be in place to respond effectively to HIV among young people. The briefs provide a global overview of HIV interventions among young people provided through different settings /sectors: community, education, health, humanitarian emergencies, workplace and a separate brief for most-at-risk young people and five others on. The briefs provide an overview of evidence-informed interventions (not a blueprint for national programmes) in response to specific epidemic scenarios in different countries.

United Nations Country Teams (UNCT) and UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS

Guidance on Global Scale-Up of the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Towards Universal Access for Women, Infants and Young Children and Eliminating HIV and AIDS Among Children, 2007


This publication was developed by the Interagency Task Team on Prevention of HIV Transmission in Pregnant Women, Mothers and their Children in response to the slow overall progress to scale up prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in resource-constrained settings. It provides a framework for concerted partnerships and guidance to countries on specific actions to accelerate this scale-up

International organizations and agencies and national governments and bodies; policy-makers, programme managers and implementing partners

Make it matter: 10 key advocacy messages to prevent HIV in girls and young women

International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), Young Positives and the UNFPA as one set of co-convenors of the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA), an initiative led by UNAIDS

This guide presumes that its users are already familiar with advocacy work and the field of HIV prevention and sexual and reproductive health. As such, it does not provide a step-by-step guide about how to do advocacy or detailed descriptions of prevention strategies. The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively on HIV prevention for girls and young women.

Individuals or organizations involved in advocacy and policy making on HIV prevention for girls and young women at the national level; CSOs, involved in advocacy for HIV and sexual and reproductive health, young people's groups and networks of people living with HIV; HIV and SRH programme managers, donors, UN agencies and governments

Rapid Assessment Tool for Sexual & Reproductive Health and HIV Linkages: A Generic Guide

IPF, UNFPA, WHO, UNAIDS, GNP +, IC W and Young Positives.

The objective of this tool is to assess HIV and sexual reproductive health bi-directional linkages at the policy, systems and service-delivery levels. It is intended also to identify gaps, and ultimately contribute to the development of country-specific action plans to forge and strengthen these linkages. While this tool focuses primarily on the health sector, it can be adapted to cover other sectors (education, social services, and labour)

The results of the needs assessment tool are particularly relevant to policy-makers, programme managers, service providers, clients, donors and partners in health.

HIV testing, treatment and prevention generic tools for operational research, 2009

WHO and Population Council

The tools include:

1. A main document which is intended to serve as a basis for formulating research questions and designing an operational research project to address them. The document includes 4 sections:

- HIV testing and
- HIV stigma and
- Adherence to
- HIV prevention in the
context of scaled-up
access to HIV treatment

2. Data collection instruments covering the above topics, from which relevant modules can be selected. At present the following instruments are available:

- A questionnaire for
collecting data from clients
at health facilities
- A questionnaire for
collecting data from health
care providers at health

Operational researchers in HIV testing, treatment and prevention.

Policy and programming guide for HIV/AIDS prevention and care among injecting drug users, 2005


The guide concentrates on distilling the principles from policies and programmes that have worked well in responding to HIV/AIDS epidemics among IDUs. These principles can be transferred to other societies, but there is no definitive answer as to what will work. The guide aims to help people in applying principles that have proved effective in dealing with HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use, but it will not be effective unless local circumstances are taken into account.

Policy and programme officers working on HIV/AIDS among IDUs.

Evaluating Programs For HIV/AIDS Prevention And Care In Developing Countries, 2006

Family Health International (FHI)

This handbook provides a comprehensive framework to help country program managers determine the effectiveness of their programs. It describes the methods needed to answer three simple but important questions: Are we doing the right things? Are we doing them right? Are we doing them on a large enough scale to make a difference? Answering these questions will allow program managers to decide how and when to modify existing programs or design new ones

Programme managers and decision makers

Condom Programming for HIV Prevention; A Manual for Service Providers, 2005


This manual is intended for the health care workers, peer educators, and other outreach workers who counsel clients on HIV/STI prevention and condom use; the sales clerks, bartenders, gas station attendants, taxi drivers, and others who sell condoms as part of their jobs; and the shop owners, store manages, and clinic staff who run condom outlets. It offers detailed and practical advice on how to increase the demand for and supply of condoms by following a five-step process

Health care workers, peer educators, and other outreach workers who counsel clients on HIV/STI prevention and condom use

Condom Programming for HIV Prevention: An Operations Manual for Programme Managers, 2005


This manual is intended for the health care workers, peer educators, and other outreach workers who counsel clients on HIV/STI prevention and condom use; the sales clerks, bartenders, gas station attendants, taxi drivers, and others who sell condoms as part of their jobs; and the shop owners, store manages, and clinic staff who run condom outlets. It offers detailed and practical advice on how to increase the demand for and supply of condoms by following a five-step process

Programme managers

Prevention in the Care Setting Series

Family Health International (FHI)

This is a guide for health managers on how to incorporate prevention in the healthcare setting. It focuses on opportunities to promote prevention with positives and provider-initiated testing and counseling. Areas for reinforcing prevention in the care setting include general counseling; access to condoms, including female condoms; and screening or management of STIs.

Health care managers and workers

Advancing the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Human Rights of People Living With HIV: A Guidance Package

The Global Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (GNP+)

People living with HIV developed this Guidance Package to help policymakers, programme managers, health professionals, donors, and advocates better understand the specific steps that must be taken to support their sexual and reproductive health and rights. The Guidance Package casts a wide net, examining the sexual and reproductive health benefits of reforms in diverse sectors. It makes 12 recommendations, which encompass - and, in many cases, cut across - changes that must be made in health services, in the policy and legal arena, and in advocacy efforts.

Policymakers, programme managers, health professionals, donors, and advocates


UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Eastern and Southern Africa website -

This website offers comprehensive and up to date information about HIV and AIDS in Eastern and Southern Africa. It features:

  • Up to date country profiles
  • Key HIV and AIDS documents (reports, policy papers, best practices) divided into thematic areas
  • A special focus session on Universal Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support
  • A media section with useful presentations and speeches
  • A database of regional HIV advisors and organisations working on HIV and AIDS in the region

UNAIDS Cosponsors

UNAIDS brings together in the HIV/AIDS response the efforts and resources of ten UN system organizations. Each of the UNAIDS organizations leads in at least one technical area. Below are the web links to the ten UNAIDS cosponsoring organizations' summary of specific contributions to HIV and AIDS:

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Food Programme (WFP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Bank

Clearinghouse on male circumcision for HIV prevention -

This clearinghouse on male circumcision for HIV prevention, is a collaborative effort to generate and share information resources with the international public health community, civil society groups, and health policy makers and programme managers. The clearinghouse includes:

  • Basic information resources
  • An inventory of research activities on male circumcision
  • Tools, guidance and evidence-based clinical guidelines
  • A compendium of better and best practices
  • A forum for sharing innovations in the delivery of male circumcision services
  • A global mechanism for exchanging and integrating information on the procedure and associated services

HIV This Week -

HIV This Week is the scientific blog of UNAIDS that keeps people updated on the latest published science in the field of HIV. Issues are posted every bi-weekly. Each issue contains selected abstracts accompanied by an Editors' note. From basic science to economic impact, human rights to paediatric treatment, and biomedical prevention to epidemiology - HIV This Week covers a wide range of thematic areas in every issue. On the blog you can post comments, download all issues as pdfs, and search topics. Subscribe at

PSI HIV department resources section -

This webpage provides an overview of PSI's HIV prevention interventions-what PSI does, where they work and with whom, and examples of innovative strategies to make their products, communications and services affordable and accessible among most vulnerable and lower income people.

PSI research and metrics -

This webpage summarizes PSI's strong emphasis on evidence-based decision making and provides links to publications, tools, metrics and other information developed by PSI and partners in strengthening our HIV prevention evidence base.

International HIV Counselling and Testing Workshop 21-24 January 2008 -

This webpage provides a link to the report and presentations made during the International HIV Counseling & Testing (CT) Workshop held in Lusaka, Zambia in January 2008. Although the number of people accessing HIV counseling and testing services has quadrupled in the past five years, recent surveys in sub-Saharan Africa showed on average just 12% of men and 10% of women have been tested for HIV and received their test results. In fact, most people living with HIV are unaware of their serostatus.

UNAIDS HIV Prevention Toolkit -

This online HIV Prevention Toolkit was developed for managers at the national and sub-national levels who are managing/implementing HIV prevention programmes/projects and are in the process of intensifying their HIV prevention efforts. The toolkit will assist you by:

  • providing you with the programming essentials
  • linking to practical tools to assist programme/project managers
  • validating your HIV prevention prgramming, decision-making process
  • prioritizing HIV prevention measures for different HIV epidemic scenarios
  • accessing lessons learned and other resources
  • providing the latest HIV news, data and info and useful sites
  • requesting you feedback

Help Age International -

The opening page has reference to HIV/AIDS as an Issue, along with social protection, rights and emergencies. A hit on the HIV/AIDS opens a separate section on their HIV and AIDS work globally including in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Disease Control Priority Project -

This page has links to publications, conference and workshop presentations, news and events and other resources that cover a wide range of themes in HIV/AIDS Prevention.

SAfAIDS - Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information and Dissemination Centre -

Known as one of Southern Africa's main sources of information on HIV and AIDS, SAfAIDS's website provides a valuable resources ranging from policy briefs, toolkits, factsheets and best practices. It also features a calendar of events as well as discussion forums on topics related to HIV and AIDS.

AIDS Portal

A website facilitating greater knowledge sharing and networking among organisations involved in the response to HIV and AIDS.

Subjects: Pages that bring together people and resources that relate to male to male sex, injecting drug users, commercial sex workers, older people affected by AIDS, children affected by AIDS, people living with AIDS, and people with disabilities.
: Pages containing country-specific resources.
Organisations: List of organizations working on HIV and AIDS
: list of AIDSPortal registered users and supporters
: calendar of HIV and AIDS-related events searchable by city, country and event type
: a page with the latest news related to HIV and AIDS
Jobs: a global directory of the latest jobs on HIV and AIDS

Soult Beat Africa -

Soul Beat Africa aims to be a space for communicators across Africa to share communication for development knowledge, experiences, materials, strategic thinking and events, and to engage in discussion and debate. This site is meant for practitioners, media makers, academics, researchers, and others who are using or are interested in communication for social change in Africa.

The site focuses specifically on Africa, providing an opportunity for the unique experiences and issues of the continent to be shared and debated, while helping to strengthen communication for development and social change.

AIDSspace -

An online community for connecting people, sharing knowledge, and accessing services for the 33 million people living with HIV and the millions who are part of the AIDS response. UNAIDS is a founding partner. Through AIDSspace you can meet and connect with others to learn from their work, exchange ideas and discover new networks; post and share key policies, case studies, best practices, multimedia materials, conference posters, reports and other essential resources; find and post jobs, consultancies, requests for proposals, and reviews on service providers.

International Organization for Migration, Southern Africa - IOM, Migration Health

This web page has information on general health and HIV/ AIDS issues related to people on the move. There are links to IOM's programme approach to HIV/AIDS, partnerships with UNAIDS, regional project and links to publications.

Health System 20/20 Database -

The Health Systems 20/20 Database, is an easy-to-use web-based tool for compiling and analyzing country data from multiple sources to assess the performance of a country's health system. The Health Systems Database draws data from publicly available and internationally comparable databases. Sources are publications from the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). A user contribution section allows users to post data and comments related to specific countries and areas of health care systems such as health financing, governance, service delivery, human resources, pharmaceutical management, and health information systems.

International HIV/AIDS Alliance -

A global partnership of nationally-based organisations working to support community action on AIDS in developing countries. These national partners help local community groups and other non-governmental organisations to take action on AIDS, and are supported by technical expertise, policy work and fundraising carried out across the Alliance.

Family Health International -

Family Health International's website has links to research on family planning and reproductive health, HIV/AIDS prevention, and other infectious diseases aims to improve public health worldwide. There are also links to FHI publications that provide information for policy and community leaders, program managers, healthcare providers, educators, and others interested in HIV/AIDS prevention and care, sexually transmitted infections, infectious and chronic diseases, reproductive health, contraceptive technology, maternal health, adolescent health, and gender issues.